A股再现野蛮人血洗董事会 举牌方要罢免ST慧球全部董事

江苏体育彩票

2018-09-23

建议只在严重疼痛时服药,剂量尽量减小。”北京市朝阳区的张女士告诉记者,在互联网机票销售平台上订机票时,航意险、延误险、快速安检、贵宾休息室、机票代金券都是默认勾选好的,并且没有折叠在同一个栏目下边,你需要打开一个个栏目再取消,稍有不慎,就会被“套路”。上海市建平中学校长杨振峰对“院校专业组”的设置方法也颇为认同。

这次“2+2”会谈,双方围绕岛屿问题的分歧依旧难以弥合,显然不可能在一个多月后安倍访俄时取得实质性进展。  从2016年12月20日起航,辽宁舰编队跨越渤海、黄海、东海和南海等海区,穿越了宫古海峡、巴士海峡、台湾海峡。在辩证法意义上,实践唯物主义以实践第一的思维方式揭示和阐释人与自然、人与社会、人的身与心无限丰富的矛盾关系,并以当代人类实践活动中的发展问题为主题深入揭示和阐释人与世界的矛盾关系,不仅凸显了辩证法的批判本质和实践智慧,而且深刻体现了列宁关于“辩证法也就是认识论”的辩证法、认识论和逻辑学“三者一致”的哲学思想。

  每天进行体能训练  电视中经常看到,消防员到达救援现场,很轻松地拿着液压钳开展救援,实际上并不是大家看到的那么轻松。3月20日下午,23名由舟山边防支队、舟山边检站、马迹山边检站选派出去的武警官兵,在赴利比里亚执行了为期一年的维和任务后,平安归建。同时,继续处置僵尸企业。

Twenty-threepeacekeepersreturnedtotheiroriginalunitsinZhejiangprovinceonMarch20,aftercompletingayearlongUnitedNationsmissioninLiberia.DuHengda,whowasselectedforthemissionin2015,wasoneofthem.WhenheappliedfortheUNwork,hisdaughterwastwo-month-old.Buthewasdeterminedtogoandhiswifesupportedhim,too.ThedayhedepartedforLiberiahappenedtobethefirstbirthdayofhisdaughter.DuringhispostingintheWestAfricannation,hemissedhisdaughteralot."Iwantedtogiveaspecialmementotomydaughter,"saidDu.Whilesomeofhiscompanionskeptadiarytorecordtheirmission,hechosetoexpresshisloveforhislittledaughterinsketches.Whenhewasnottoobusywiththemission,Duwoulddrawsomething.Whenhesawlittlelizardscrawlingaroundatataskzone,hedrewthemonthepaperandshowedhisworktohisdaughter.Similarly,whenhesawalotoffishintheAtlantic,hecapturedtheminhissketchandpresentedittohislittlegirl.Wheneverhemissedher,hewoulddrawaportraitofherandtalktotheimagejustlikehewouldspeaktoherinreal.Hedrewsomanyimagesthatbytheendoftheyearhisdrawingswerethickenoughtobecomeawholealbum.Dunamedthealbum--Youcallmedaddy,Icallthisjournalmybaby.Althoughthereisaneight-hourdifferencebetweenLiberiaandChina,Duandhisfamilystillmanagedtoholdvideochats.Hiswifeoftentoldhimstoriesabouttheirdaughter.Sometimeshespoketoherinherbabblingvoice.DuandhisteamreturnedtoChinainMarch.BeforeheresumedhisdutyasaborderguardofficeratapublicsecurityunitinZhoushan,northeastofZhejiangprovince,hewasgrantedleavetovisithome.DuboardedaflightboundforYantai--hishometowncityinShandongprovincewherehisfamilylives--onMarch21,withthealbumforhisdaughterinhisbag."She"stooyoungtounderstandthemeaningofthosepaintings,butI"msureshewilllovethemwhenshegrowsup,"saidhe.Du"steamwasthefourthsentbyChinatojointhepeacekeepingmissioninLiberia.AlltheChinesepeacekeeperswereawardedtheUNPeaceMedalofHonorfortheirservice,accordingtozjol.com.cn.督查发现的主要问题有:“散乱污”企业或企业群违法违规复产,北京、石家庄、廊坊、邯郸、临汾、济南、焦作多地企业被通报,有的企业无任何污染治理设施。  我国从2000年开始陆续启动了ARJ21项目和C919大型客机项目。

她也是“防止儿童性侵害”中最勇敢的志愿者。据悉,北京市公安局2016年底成立环境食品药品和旅游安全保卫总队,下设环境、食品药品、旅游、机动支队四个支队和办公室。”(据新华社福州3月21日电记者陈弘毅、张兴军、许雄)[]分享到:

  支撑全球经济增长的力量,关键来自创新和资源有效配置。  在学习贯彻落实习近平总书记重要讲话精神过程中,我们结合本地实际,重点推进社会稳定和民生工作。事实上,这已经是南京证券第三次向A股发起冲击,此前的第一次冲击,因陷入保荐项目的财务造假案,而导致扣门无果。

由于尘螨、花粉是这类患者的常见过敏物质,所以春天病情通常加重。It"swhereimaginativeyouthimagine.Softmusicwaftsfromarecordplayerperchednexttothecafe"sbar.Youngpeoplesurroundingitthumbthroughbooks,massagepaintbrushesintoartworksandfiddlewiththeirphones.Severalengageinheateddiscussionatalectureinthenextroom.Othersrestintheirownroomsupstairs.It"slikeanyFridayafternoonat706YouthSpace.Theestablishmentisablendofalibrary,coffeeshop,hostelandeventcenter."706isaculturalandinformationharborcateringtoyoungpeople"sneeds,"founderWuFangrongsays."Itoffersalternativelifestyles."ThespaceislocatedinBeijing"sWudaokouarea,whichhousesthicketsofuniversities,includingsomeofthecountry"smostelite.Itspatronshailfromallwalksoflife.Thatincludesasubcultureof"slashers"-people,whoeachhaveseveral"slashcareers"-seekingaplacetoliveandaplatformtomakefriendsandshowcasetalents.实际上就算北大、清华、复旦知名院校,也不是所有学科都是一流。

此前2016年5月,苹果曾10亿美元入股滴滴,而滴滴又是ofo多轮投资方。”  尽管北京市场上在售的新能源汽车价格普遍上扬,目前来看因为大城市严格执行限购政策,新能源车型的热销势头不会退色。高晓东表示,作为一家实体企业,产品始终是波司登的核心,无论时代怎么变化,以工匠精神为理念,做出消费者喜欢的产品,始终是波司登坚持不变的方向。

在编制过程中,感觉数字创意产业第一次纳入战略性新兴产业,是“十三五”战略性新兴产业非常重要的一个亮点,而且体现了“十三五”战新产业规划的新思路。预定机票时,网站页面上显示赠送两张60元酒店券。会让您心驰神往、惊叹不已、留连忘返。

中铁一局办公室相关工作人员回应澎湃新闻称,奥凯电缆公司已被列为不合格名录,所有涉及到的(工程)全部更换。  而今,乐天目前在中国已经有87家门面在中国被关闭,其中仅20家乐天集团自主关闭的,报道称,乐天集团将为此付出每月1160亿韩元的损失,而停止营业期间还必须继续支付雇员工资。频繁被曝出食品卫生安全问题对于任何一个连锁餐饮品牌而言都是很严重的打击,更别说是计划上市的企业。

AnexpertexaminesthedeadwhaleataportinShanghaionMarch21,2017.[Photo/forChinaDaily]AwhalethatwasspottednearShanghaihadbeendeadformorethan10days,anditsleftpectoralfinwaspossiblycutbypeople,saidanexpertafterexaminingit.Thedeadanimalwasafinwhale,asecond-classnational-levelprotectedanimal,saidTangWenqiao,aprofessorfromShanghaiOceanUniversity,whocheckedthewhaleon-siteonTuesdaymorning.Thewhalemeasuredabout22metersandweighedabout20tons.Itsbodywaswellpreserved,exceptforitsmissingleftpectoralfin,andsomepartshadalreadydecayed.Tangsaidthatjudgingfromthewhale"swound,thefinwaspossiblycutbypeople,andthewhalediedmorethan10days.LuHaibing,ownerofafishingboat,saidhefirstsawthewhaleonMarch19,andtheleftfinwasalreadymissing.Fishermenreportedthesightingofthewhaletopoliceataround1:00pmonMarch20,andwereaskedtobringthewhalebacktoport.Policesaidtheauthoritieshaveaskedmarinebiologyexpertstoexaminethecauseofthedeath.Althoughthiswasthelargestwhale,thiswasnotthefirstsightingofawhalenearShanghai.In2002,asmallwhalewasfoundstrandedatDishuiLakearea.Butrescuersmanagedtohelpitreturntosea.In1970,awhalewasfounddeadnearLuchaoPort.Lastweek,aspermwhalebecamestrandedandlaterdiedinDayaBay,Guangdongprovince.Anautopsyshowedthatitwaspregnant,anda110-kilogrammalefetuswasfounddead."Itisthefirsttimeintheworldthatanunbornbabyhasbeenfoundinsideastrandedspermwhale,"saidTongShenhan,headoftheLandandMarineLifeResearchInstituteinXiamen,Fujianprovince,whoparticipatedintheautopsy.将传统文化基因镌刻在城乡建筑中作者:住房和城乡建设部副部长黄艳住房城乡建设部高度重视《关于实施中华优秀传统文化传承发展工程的意见》的贯彻落实,将采取以下措施落实《意见》:一是科学编制规划。此次招聘会不仅解决了40余家会员企业用工荒的问题,还解决了800余名女大学生就业难的问题。

今天我们的发布会,我想就是这样一个目的,请新闻界朋友们来,把这件事情弄清楚,这是一件什么事情?为什么要做这件事情?这件事情对中国文化产业、文化发展、文化“走出去”有什么意义?我们给大家准备了一些新闻背景资料,请同志们帮助我们进行宣传、解读。支持泉州东亚文化之都建设和长汀文化传承新型城镇化试点工作,恢复古意乡愁,延续福建文脉。电视画面显示,西敏寺大桥上的繁忙交通被警方拦阻,急救车辆穿过车流迅速抵达现场。

黄小军说。  此外,22家上市公司扣除非经常损益后净利润为亏损,但这些上市公司也进行了现金分红。高晓东表示,作为一家实体企业,产品始终是波司登的核心,无论时代怎么变化,以工匠精神为理念,做出消费者喜欢的产品,始终是波司登坚持不变的方向。

正式开始往往伴随一场“我说你指”的游戏,指到屁股,几乎所有孩子都会笑——讲师就能顺势开讲哪些部位不能碰、遇到坏人怎么办等内容。中央电视台《新闻联播》播音员罗京、李瑞英宣读公约内容《公约》倡议,各缔约单位应共同遵守国家关于互联网文化建设和管理的法律、法规和政策,依法开展互联网视听节目服务,积极传播健康有益、符合社会主义道德规范、体现时代发展和社会进步、弘扬民族优秀文化传统的互联网视听节目,包括影视剧、动画片,共同抵制腐朽落后思想文化,不传播渲染暴力、色情、赌博、恐怖等危害未成年人身心健康、违背社会公德、损害民族优秀文化传统的互联网视听节目;应尊重和保护著作权人和互联网视听节目服务单位的合法权益,创造和维护公平有序的网络视听节目版权环境;应建立互联网视听节目信息的行业共享互助机制,保持信息的有效沟通,共同净化网上空间,形成共建共享的精神家园。今年2月21日,警方一举抓获这个团伙的18名犯罪嫌疑人,并在现场缴获多份涉案借条。

这是产业技术变迁的一次巨大跨越,既要实现累积性技术进步,更要实现开拓性技术进步。内阁会议室为总统和内阁政要高层使用,白宫西翼工作人员使用的会议室为罗斯福厅。黄小军说。

跨媒介和跨艺类程度于是就成为了一个评价标准。八国联军侵华战争爆发后,王清新流落民间,用此法济世救人,经五代单传弟子至今,方到张爱东这里。ChinesePremierLiKeqiangarrivesintheAustraliancapitalofCanberraWednesdaynightforanofficialvisit.[Photo/Xinhua]"Iwastoldthatforitsnationalemblem,Australiapicksakangarooandanemu,twonativeAustralianspecies.Neitherofthetwolikesmovingbackwardbutonlyforward,symbolizingadynamiccountrythatalwaysmovesforwardinprogress,"thepremiersaidinthearticleentitled"WeWanttoWorkwithYouforProgressandPeace".Thepremiersaidthatthetwocountrieshavebuiltuptrustandmanageddifferencesinthespiritofequalityandmutualrespectsincetheestablishmentofdiplomaticties.ChinaandAustraliatiedtheknot45yearsagoin1972.LisaidtheChinesepeopleadmireAustraliansfortheirperseveranceandcouragetoforgeaheadastheAustraliannationalanthemsays"leteverystageinhistory’spageadvanceAustraliafair".Healsosaid"advance"isasharedkeywordinbothcountries’nationalanthemsandheisconfidentthatthetwopartnerswillcontinuetomoveforwardastheyhavechosenwhileworkingtogethertoaddressglobalinstabilitywithstability.

  “电子围栏”将成标配  为了解决乱停乱放问题,“电子围栏”技术有可能成为共享单车的标准配置。吴哥王朝国势强盛,文化繁荣,如此规模的建筑群落和极其丰富而精美的浮雕、石刻就是直接的见证。现在高速路段因为施救,拥堵严重,交警已临时交通管制,封闭附近高速出入路口封闭。

而扣除非经常性损益后,中储股份去年的净利润为-2728万元。切记,不要熬夜,也不要思虑过度,否则会损伤脾。TheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:

当天,中国央行还同时发布了两份分别针对银行家和企业家的问卷调查报告。”“中华人民共和国主席、副主席行使职权到下届全国人民代表大会选出的主席、副主席就职为止。朱丹蓬表示。

ZhejianghuntsforHongKongtalent(www.ezhejiang.gov.cn)ArecruitmentfairforZhejiangenterprisesattractedmorethan4,300jobhuntersinHongKongonMarch18.Aimingtorecruithigh-calibertalentforZhejiangsmodernserviceindustry,80companies,universitiesandresearchinstitutesfromindustrieslikeeducation,financeandinformationtechnologyofferedmorethan1,100jobsforrecentHongKonggraduates.Preliminaryagreementswerereachedwith910applicantsatthefair.ManyjobseekersqueuedattheboothoffamousbeveragegiantWahaha.WangKai,companyrecruiter,helpedintroducejobinformationandrequirementstohopefulapplicantsatthefair.WanggraduatedfromtheUniversityofHongKong(HKU)andwasemployedbyWahahaatlastyearsfair.IvefeltthevitalityofZhejiangaftersettlinginHangzhou,Wangsaid.IhopemoregraduatesfromHongKongcancreatebusinessesandcareersthere.JinBin,ayoungmanfromJilinprovince,justfinishedstudyinghydraulicengineeringatHKU.JinsaidheisfamiliarwithZhejiangfrompreviouslyvisitingtheprovinceandhasbeenkeepingacloseeyeonZhejiangswatergovernance.TheopportunitiesandfriendlyenvironmentinZhejiangmakeitagoodplaceforworkandlife,Jinsaid.HetalkedwithZhejiangDevelopmentPlanningInstitute,expressinganeagernesstocontributetotheprovincesgreeneconomy.Zhejiangsinternationalizationhasgivenrisetoademandforthosetalentedinforeignlanguages.ZhejiangInternationalStudiesUniversity(ZISU)alsoattendedthefairhopingtoattractprofessionallinguists.HongKongisahighlyinternationalizedcityandishomeofmanyrenowneduniversities,saidrecruiterZhangLin.Wehopetogettheattentionoftalentedpeoplehere.TherecruitmentfairalsolaunchedcooperativeprojectsinHongKongforculturalcreation,tourism,cold-chainlogisticsandscientificresearch.每个集装箱有80~120种商品,需要相应数量的原产地证明,再加上正常报关需要的入境检验检疫、海关报关单、进口关税单、合同、发票、装箱单等,一次报关需要提交给出入境检验检疫局(CIQ)的材料厚度能达到三四十厘米,要用箱子装。这创下韩国前总统受讯时间最长的纪录。

打开另一些知名日本食品品牌的天猫国际旗舰店,最先出现的是一长串白底黑字的“原产地证明书”,店内产品已经全部下架,只留下“销量超××亿”的豪言壮语和“请等着我,马上回来”的山盟海誓。  韩国2015年赴海外旅游目的地第一为大陆,第二为,第三是,台湾只排在第八。他告诉记者,兼职的地勤人员月工资为2000元,全职的工资在4000、6000元不等,如果是纯摆放车辆的人也就是2000多元。

数据显示,一年多来,内地旅游警察队伍从无到有,不断扩大。焦健说,穿军装有一种荣耀感。ShanghairemainedthemostexpensivecityontheChinesemainlandforexpatriates,accordingtothelatestWorldwideCostofLivingSurveyreleasedonTuesday.Shanghai,China"sbusinesscenter,isnowranked16thoverall,downfrom11thlastyearandonparwiththecostoflivingintheNewZealandcitiesofAucklandandWellington.Thesurvey,conductedbytheEconomist"sIntelligentUnit,foundShenzhenandDalianwerethenextmostexpensiveChinesecitiestolive.BeijingandSuzhou,whichsawthebiggestdropamongtheeightChinesecitiesexamined,bothfell16placesto47thand69threspectively.Suzhou,GuangzhouandTianjin,tiedfor69thplace,makingthemthecheapestcitiesontheChinesemainland,accordingtothereport.Overall,Singaporeretainsitstitleastheworld"smostexpensivecityforafourthconsecutiveyear,followedbyHongKongandZurich.Thesurvey,whichcomparesthepriceofover150itemsin133citiesaroundtheworld,foundthatSingaporewas20percentmoreexpensivethanNewYorkand5percentpricierthanChina"sHongKong.JonCopestake,editorofthesurvey,saidthatSingaporereflectedaregionaltrend,withAsianhubsbecomingmanyoftheworld"smostexpensivecities.InadditiontoHongKong,Singaporewasjoinedinthetop10bytheJapanesecitiesofTokyoandOsakain4thand5thplacerespectively,andtheSouthKoreancapitalSeoulin6thplace.

习近平总书记强调,中华优秀传统文化是中华民族生生不息、发展壮大的丰厚滋养。但是从05年起他们便没有更新的艺术活动了。今年2月21日,警方一举抓获这个团伙的18名犯罪嫌疑人,并在现场缴获多份涉案借条。

这表明,以实践为核心范畴的实践唯物主义并不是无的放矢的标新立异,而是对“现实的历史”的哲学概括,是对时代精神的理论升华。中央电视台《新闻联播》播音员罗京、李瑞英宣读公约内容《公约》倡议,各缔约单位应共同遵守国家关于互联网文化建设和管理的法律、法规和政策,依法开展互联网视听节目服务,积极传播健康有益、符合社会主义道德规范、体现时代发展和社会进步、弘扬民族优秀文化传统的互联网视听节目,包括影视剧、动画片,共同抵制腐朽落后思想文化,不传播渲染暴力、色情、赌博、恐怖等危害未成年人身心健康、违背社会公德、损害民族优秀文化传统的互联网视听节目;应尊重和保护著作权人和互联网视听节目服务单位的合法权益,创造和维护公平有序的网络视听节目版权环境;应建立互联网视听节目信息的行业共享互助机制,保持信息的有效沟通,共同净化网上空间,形成共建共享的精神家园。例如,头部CT从180元降低到135元,核磁从850元降低到400-600元,PET/CT从10000元降低到7000元。

当天,中国央行还同时发布了两份分别针对银行家和企业家的问卷调查报告。(本文图片全部来源自网络)餐厅美食吃货安全厨师表演创意问题食客  民政部紧急通知  据民政部官方网站消息,民政部21日已发出对救助管理机构站外托养等工作进行检查整改的紧急通知。

就自身来说,这艘老航母的战技术性能已经完全达不到最初的设计要求,如果不改进改装,基本上作战能力是比较低下的。《华尔街日报》网站猜测,一般情况下,中国政府担忧的是那些包含软件后门以允许外国进行监控的技术产品。Currentlyonafour-nationtourofEurope,JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeisseekingthesupportofEuropeancountriesinhisbidtogettheSouthChinaSeadisputesontheagendafortheG7summit,tobeheldinItalyinMay.GiventhatneitherJapannoranyEuropeancountriesaredirectlyinvolvedinthemaritimedisputesintheSouthChinaSea,Abeisshowinghisdesiretomeddleintheissueforhisownends.ThisisnotthefirsttimethatAbehastriedtohijacktheG7agendaandsoughttointernationalizetheSouthChinaSeadisputestoservehisulteriorpoliticalpurposes.AbehasbeenrelentlesslypushingtogetJapandeeplyinvolvedintheSouthChinaSeadisputestojustifyhiscountry"sbiggermilitarypresenceintheinternationalarena.DaysbeforeAbeembarkedonhisEuropeantour,itwasreportedthatJapanwilldispatchtheIzumo-classhelicoptercarrier,itslargestwarship,totheSouthChinaSea.The249-metervesselisduetomakestopsinSingapore,Indonesia,thePhilippinesandSriLankabeforeparticipatinginajointnavalexercisewithIndianandUSnavalvesselsintheIndianOceaninJuly.ThiswillbeJapan"sbiggestshowofnavalforceintheregionsinceWorldWarII.Foracountrythathasneversincerelyowneduptoitsmilitaristpast,suchanopenandhigh-profiledisplayofforceisitselfalarming,withoutmentioningitsintendedpurposeofmeddlinginthesovereigntydisputestowhichitisnotaparty.Japan"sinterferencecomesatatimewhentheSouthChinaSeadisputeshaveshownclearsignsofabatingthankstotherecenteffortsofthepartiesdirectlyinvolved,andwhenChinaisnegotiatingaframeworkforacodeofconductwithSoutheastAsiancountries,whichwillpavethewayforbuildingpeaceandstabilityinthewaters.Abe"smeddlingintheissue,atthisimportantstage,laysbarehisintentionofplayinguptheissueandcreatingtroubleforChina.Andhewillnodoubtwanttokeephypinguptheissuetodistracttheattentionofthoseathomefromthelandscandalinwhichheandhiswifehavebecomeembroiled.YetwhileitmaysuitAbetoplayuptheSouthChinaSeaissue,heshouldbeawarethemorehedoes,themorepeopleintheregionwillnotdeemJapantobearesponsiblecountry,animageJapanhastoestablishinthefirstplaceifitwantstobetreatedasanormalcountry.

”新特点除了传统的境内外互设资金池对敲、虚构贸易背景骗取外汇等传统形式,甚至还出现了个人拿银行卡到港澳地区套现等行为。“但很多时候穿秋裤会感到没有那么轻松和自在,所以我回宿舍之后会脱下来。无论是技术进步形态转型还是劳动力结构转型,在很大程度上都受到企业家行为的引导。

中央电视台《新闻联播》播音员罗京、李瑞英宣读公约内容《公约》倡议,各缔约单位应共同遵守国家关于互联网文化建设和管理的法律、法规和政策,依法开展互联网视听节目服务,积极传播健康有益、符合社会主义道德规范、体现时代发展和社会进步、弘扬民族优秀文化传统的互联网视听节目,包括影视剧、动画片,共同抵制腐朽落后思想文化,不传播渲染暴力、色情、赌博、恐怖等危害未成年人身心健康、违背社会公德、损害民族优秀文化传统的互联网视听节目;应尊重和保护著作权人和互联网视听节目服务单位的合法权益,创造和维护公平有序的网络视听节目版权环境;应建立互联网视听节目信息的行业共享互助机制,保持信息的有效沟通,共同净化网上空间,形成共建共享的精神家园。KwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreached-moreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.“节省就是减负”。

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